I have been quite busy this summer with a number of professional projects and changes in my personal life. I just finished a 12,000 word academic article and moved to a new apartment, and I likewise plan to spend the remainder of the summer (which extends all the way to late-September in the UC system) working hard on my dissertation.
To keep posting new content, however, I have been scheduling debates on the Bible and Christian origins. I just posted a recording of my debate in Riverside last month on the historical reliability of the Bible, and I now have another debate to announce for this following month. On September 7th, from 5-6pm CST, I’ll be holding a debate with Christian NT scholar Andrew Pitts on the genre of the Gospels, and how the question of genre affects their historical reliability. The debate will be moderated by Evan McClanahan, who is the pastor of First Evangelical Lutheran Church, and hosts a radio debate series on topics relating to apologetics and Christianity. I’ve participated as part of McClanahan’s radio series before, when I held a debate on the dating of the Gospels with Christian NT scholar Craig Evans last year. My debate with Pitts can be listened to live at the following link:
I’ve been following Pitts’ scholarship for a number of years now, and although I don’t always agree with him, I have found his work to be helpful for my own research. In particular, I like his article “Source Citation in Greek Historiography and in Luke(-Acts),” since it lays out and organizes several of the ways that Greek historians would cite their oral and written sources.
I had the chance to meet Pitts at the annual meeting of the SBL in 2015, when he was presenting a paper for the Mark Seminar, at the same time as NT scholar Dennis MacDonald, whose presentation I summarized here. I almost ran into Pitts again during my presentation at the Pacific Coast SBL meeting in 2016, during which we were both scheduled to present as part of the NT Gospels and Acts section. I had anticipated that we were going to have a lively debate, since our two papers argued for relatively opposing views. Due to the circumstances at the time, I was actually a bit apprehensive about such a debate, not because it wouldn’t generate good dialogue, but because I was holding my dissertation prospectus defense later that day (which I successfully passed), and was thus not looking forward to defending against criticism likewise in the morning!
Pitts had to cancel his presentation for personal reasons that day, however, and thus any debate between us was postponed. During the 2017 Pacific Coast SBL meeting, Pitts resubmitted the same paper, and, although I was scheduled to present for a different section, I was planning to attend the NT Gospels and Acts section in order hear his presentation and perhaps pose some critical questions. This time for personal reasons on my end, however, I had to cancel my presentation for the 2017 meeting and did not attend.
For a couple of years now, therefore, I have been anticipating a debate between Pitts and myself, and it thus makes sense that we will be holding this radio debate in September. I anticipate that it will be far more technical and nuanced than my debate last month, and so I look forward to a constructive dialogue.
In the meantime, I want to post an update about four apologetic books that have been on my radar, but which I have been too busy to write reviews of. The first two deal with ancient biography, which is one of my areas of specialization: Craig Keener’s Biographies and Jesus: What Does It Mean for the Gospels to Be Biographies?, and Mike Licona’s Why Are There Differences in the Gospels?: What We Can Learn from Ancient Biography. I think both books have their emphasis off in focusing on elite biographers, such as Plutarch and Suetonius, even though I consider the Gospels to actually be far more similar to popular-novelistic biographies, which I have discussed previously on this blog (here and here). I’ve been critical of some of Keener’s generic arguments about the Gospels in this previous article that I published (footnote 10), and regarding Licona’s book, Michael Kochenash (an alumnus from Claremont with whom I’ve corresponded previously) wrote in a recent review:
“[S]ome readers may also find it curious that Licona’s book lacks an engagement with several important classics scholars, most notably Tomas Hägg (The Art of Biography in Antiquity, Cambridge University Press, 2012). Accordingly, I expect that such readers—though appreciative of Licona’s contribution—will desire greater nuance. David Konstan and Robyn Walsh, for example, identify two different tendencies within ancient biographies: a civic tradition—which foregrounds the subject’s personality and moral character—and a subversive tradition—which foregrounds the subject’s wit using conversations and anecdotes (“Civic and Subversive Biography in Antiquity,” Writing Biography in Greece and Rome: Narrative Technique and Fictionalization, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 26-43). Konstan and Walsh locate Plutarch’s Lives in the former tradition—among the likes of Suetonius—and the Gospels in the latter, along with the Life of Homer, the Life of Aesop, and the Alexander Romance. Licona, however, does not acknowledge the distinction between Plutarch’s historiographical tone and the Gospels’ novelistic tone.”
The other two apologetic books are Lydia McGrew’s Hidden in Plain View: Undesigned Coincidences in the Gospels and Acts, and Craig Blomberg’s The Historical Reliability of the New Testament: Countering the Challenges to Evangelical Christian Beliefs. McGrew’s arguments about “undesigned coincidences” in the Gospels/Acts, as far as I am aware, have not been subjected to secular peer-review nor presented at professional organizations like the SBL. I have seen Internet apologists circulate the “undesigned coincidences” claim, however, and so I have been in correspondence with philosopher of religion Evan Fales about how to counter this slogan. Regarding Blomberg, I’ve countered his arguments about the authorship of the Gospels (here) and historical reliability of the Gospels (here) previously on this blog.
There is a lot of money in Christianity and an in-built audience of readers, and so I’m not in the least bit surprised that apologetic books continue to be published, even though I don’t think that they generally meet the standards of ancient historical and Classical scholarship outside the Bible. I hope that others will take the time to write critical reviews of these books, however, and I plan to write reviews of my own when time permits with my busy schedule.